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Taekwondo


Taekwondo
USA's Nia Abdallah (blue) against Korea's Ji Won Jang
Athens 2004, category 49-57kg.
Jang won.
Photo by Belga from Sporza



Русская версия


Taekwondo matches episodes


Taekwondo
Chinese Zhong Chen attacks Russian Natalia Ivanova in the 2000 Olympics final in Sydney (over 67kg). Chen won.
Games Info


Taekwondo
USA's Diana Lopez gets a leg up over Korea's Sae-Rom Kim in the 2005 championship final (55-59kg). Lopez won.
USA Today


Taekwondo
2004 Athens taekwondo match between Netherlands' Charmie Sobers (blue) and British Sarah Bainbridge in the category under 67kg. Sobers won.
Yakki's Olympics


Taekwondo
Great Britain's Sarah Stevenson (red) in action against Venezuala's Adriana Carmona Taekwondo - Athens Olympic Games 2004 - over 67kg
UK Sports


Taekwondo
Australia's Lauren Burns (red) kicks Urbia Melendez Rodriguez of Cuba in the 2000 Olympics final in Sydney (below 49kg). Burns won
Canoe


Taekwondo training and fitness

Taekwondo
Cardio Kickboxing
NY Kungfu


Taekwondo. Girls in training
Girls in sparring
Black belt academy for kids


Taekwondo. New Zealand's girls in training
New Zealand girls in sparring
ITFNZ


Taekwondo. Afgan's girls in training
Afgan women in training
BBC


Taekwondo. Pakistan's girls in training
Pakistan girls in training
Pakistan


Taekwondo. Training
A woman in training
Rick Lewis


Taekwondo. Tae Bo
Tae Bo class
Ladies Choice


Aerobic Taekwondo
Taekwondo aerobics
TGS


Taekwondo demonstration in Iraq
A female Korean soldier holds a taekwondo demonstration in Iraq.
Korea

Taekwondo (also spelled Tae Kwon Do or Taekwon-Do) is the most popular of the Korean martial arts and is the Korean national sport. It is also one of the world's most commonly practiced martial arts. In Korean, Tae means "to kick or destroy with the foot"; Kwon means "to punch with the fist"; and Do means "way" or "art". Hence, Taekwondo is loosely translated as "the art of kicking and punching" or "the way of the foot and the fist." Unlike karate where edge of a palm is used, Taekwondo competitors fight with fists (using regular punches). Taekwondo's popularity has resulted in the divergent evolution of the art. As with many other martial arts, Taekwondo is a combination of combat technique, self-defense, sport, exercise, entertainment, and philosophy.

Taekwondo matches episodes


Taekwondo
Dominique Bosshart of Canada (blue) in action against Natasa Vezmar of Croatia during the over 67 kg Bronze match at the Sydney Olympics (2000).
Serbia Info


Taekwondo
Britain's Sara Stevenson in the bronze medal fight off in the women's 67kg Taekwondo event which she narrowly lost to Japan's Yoriko Okamoto
UK Olympics


Taekwondo
China's Zhong Chen (red) attacks France's Myriam Baverel during the women's 67kg-plus gold medal match at the Athens Olympic Games. Chen won.
China Daily


Taekwondo
China's Zhong Chen in action against Japan's Yoriko Okamoto at Athens Olympic Games 2004 - over 67kg.
UK Sports


Taekwondo
Jae-Eun Jung of Korea (blue) in action against Hieu Ngan Tran of Vietnam in the final of the women's 57kg match at the Sydney Olympics (2000). Jung won.
Serbia Info


Taekwondo
Chen Shih Hsin (red) from Taiwan defends against Ivett Gonda from Canada in the women's under 49kg taekwondo match in Athens (2004). Hsin won.
AP Photo/Al Behrman).
CTV


Taekwondo
Korea's Ji Won Jang (red) against Spain's Sonia Reyes, Athens 2004, category 49-57kg. Jang won.
ABC


Taekwondo
Jae-Eun Jung of Korea (blue) in action against Hieu Ngan Tran of Vietnam in the 2000 Olympics final in Sydney (49-57kg). Jung won
ESPN


Taekwondo
Sun-Hee Lee (red) from Korea fights Trude Gundersen (Norway) in the 2000 Olympics final in Sydney (57 - 67kg). Lee won.
Dagbladet


Taekwondo
Archive picture from 1980's. Dawn Lefebvre (blue) fights against Amy Hanson (red).
Taekwondo Photo Album


Taekwondo
China's Wei Luo (blue) is kicked by Greece's Elisavet Mystakidou during the women's under 67 kg gold medal taekwondo match at the Athens 2004 Olympic Games. Wei Luo won.
Reuters/Kim Kyung-Hoon
Dienekes


Taekwondo
Vietnamese Hoai Thu (blue) attacks Bernadette Brance from Australia in the final 50kg category at the LG-Vietnam Taekwondo Open, 2005.
Vietnam

Taekwondo is one of two Asian martial arts (Judo being the other) to make it to the Olympic Games. Taekwondo is the only contact "punch/kick" combative Olympic sport in which women participate so far.

Although there are great doctrinal and technical differences among Taekwondo styles, the art in general emphasizes kicks thrown from a mobile stance, using the leg's greater reach and power to disable the opponent from a distance. In sparring, turning, 45 degree, front, axe, and side kicks are most often used; advanced kicks include jump, spin, skip, and drop kicks, often in combination. Taekwondo training also includes a comprehensive system of hand strikes and blocks, but generally does not emphasize grappling.

The man who has been a real inventor of Taekwondo is the South Korean general Choi Hon Hi, a leader of liberation of Korea from Japanese occupation. He was growing as a feeble and sickly child, which worried his parents. When he was 15, his father sent him to the most famous Korean calligraphy teacher who also was a master of “Soo Bak Do” – ancient Korean kick fighting art. In order to build up Choi’s health and strength, the teacher got him to do harsh Soo Bak Do exercises. Studying in the university of Tokyo Choi Hon Hi met a fellow countryman who was teaching Karate. After two years of hard training Choi got first dan in karate. Mastered the both techniques – Karate and Soo Bak Do young Choi started training using the both styles. Probably no lamppost left in the city, which had not been punched or kicked by Choi – he wanted to see if a “protesting” lamp on top would swing… By Chi’s efforts, the contemporary martial art form was created which become to be to men’s and women’s taste all over the world. Since 1955, Taekwondo started swiftly spreading in the world and became an Olympic sport in 1992. Women’s Taekwondo was included in the Olympics in 2000.

Traditionally there are ten colour belt levels, called gup (or kup) ranks, and ten black belt levels, called degree or dan ranks. Each colour of belt (white, yellow, green, blue, red, black) having a specific meaning; for instance, white signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.

Rank advancement records are kept by the school of origin and often by the style's association headquarters. Black Belt ranks are recognized as: 1st - 3rd, Instructor. 4th - 6th, Master. 7th - 9th, Grand Master. Tenth dan has historically been reserved as a posthumous award, but in recent years it has seen presentation to a few living (mostly Korean) recipients. For WTF practitioners grading achievements of Cho Dan (1st dan) and above must be registered with the "Kukkiwon" (headquarters for Taekwondo in South Korea) to be recognised and therefore eligible to train in WTF clubs around the world.

The Taekwondo rules are relatively simple: one point for a punch to head or to body or a kick to body; two points for a kick to head or a punch to head in jump; three points for a kick to head in jump. Punches and kicks below the belt are forbidden (to be more precise, they are not counted because it's difficult to avoid them). In the most tournaments and in Olympic games (and in all women's competitions) athletes must wear protective helmets and special plates protecting chest and back. In traditional Korean fights, plates and helmets are not used.

In amateur women's competitions, small gloves and special boots are worn as well. Upper part of the body is covered by the shield (and by some plate on the back); fighters wear special jackets and pants. In female Taekwondo strong knocking out punches and kicks are not used (with the protection devices it might be just a punch or a kick to face). Moreover, for intentional strong kicks or punches, penalty points are counted or a participant might be removed from the competition. Practically, there are no knockouts and early stoppages in women's bouts while punches are infrequent (more points are counted for kicks). At the same time, punches and kicks in jump are stimulated which might look quite spectacular. A typical Taekwondo bout is accomplished in the following way: fighters stand side to side and the most of the time they are slightly jumping up and down preparing for the attack and time to time they make jerky lunges (often simultaneously).

Taekwondo is very good for self-defense, fitness, or weight control, which makes it especially attractive for females. Aerobic taekwondo for women is an extension of the aerobics craze of recent years. Just like the different styles of Karate, there are different styles of aerobic Taekwondo, such as Tae Bo, cardio kickboxing, aerobic kickboxing, Tae Aerobics, etc. Students go through the motions of kicking and punching, but there is no stress on technique or power, only on continuous motion. Aerobic Taekwondo is not just for women, men and children also practice it, but it was designed to attract women. Since it is just the latest exercise fad and does not have the discipline required of Taekwondo, it will gradually lose its appeal, just as the previous fads it replaced. To cash in on the latest craze, most dojangs teach classes in aerobic Taekwondo as a part of their curriculum. One advantage to teaching it in a dojang is that students may develop an interest in Taekwondo and decide to study the art itself.

There are three important taekwondo things with regard to women
:
- Taekwondo do has more female participants than any other martial art.

- Taekwondo teaches a woman to use her entire body, emphasizing natural physical strengths, such as power in the legs, knees and elbows.

- Taekwondo teaches women how to analyze dangerous situations and how to best diffuse them.

Besides the Olympic events, many taekwondo tournaments and championships for men and women are held by the World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) as well as other international and regional federations and associations.


The greatest female taekwondo players of the first generation

Below the list of the greatest female taekwondo players is presented who either have been included into the honorable "Taekwondo Hall of fame" or (if not) got gold or silver at the Olympics in Athens in 2004 or in Sydney in 2000.

Australia

Lauren Burns

Gold at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (under 49kg).

Canada

Dawn Lefebvre

Gold at the 3rd World/Pan American Taekwondo Championships, 1986, Ecuador (59-63kg).

China

Wing Yang

Gold at the 10th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 2005, Spain (47-51kg).

Wei Luo

Gold at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (57-67kg).

Zhong Chen

Gold at the 10th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 2005, Spain (47-51kg).

Cuba

Yanelis Yuliet Labrada Diaz

Silver at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (Under 49kg).

Utria Melendez Rodriguez

Silver at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (under 49kg).

Denmark

Laila Jensen

Gold at the 3rd European Taekwondo Championships, 1980, Denmark (47-51kg).

France

Myriam Baverel

Silver at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (Over 67kg).

Great Britain

Sarah Stevenson

Gold at the European Championship, 2005, Latvia (67-72kg).

Greece

Elisavet Mystakidou

Silver at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (57-67kg).

Korea

Jae Eun Jung

Gold at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (49-57kg).

Sun-Hee Lee

Gold at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (57-67kg).

Jin Seung Tae

Gold at the 4th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 1993, USA (Under 47kg).

Hwang Kyung Seon

Gold at the 10th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 2005, Spain (63-67kg).

Ji-Won Jang

Gold at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (49-57kg).

Mexico

Edna Diaz

Gold at the 10th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 2005, Spain (59-63kg).

Norway

Trude Gundersen

Silver at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (57-67kg).

Russia

Natalia Ivanova

Silver at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (Over 67kg).

Singapore

Joyce Lim Soon Yi

Gold at the 9th Asian Cities Gold Cup, Hong Kong, 2005 (63-67kg).

Spain

Asensio Belen

Gold at the 10th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 2005 , Spain (Under 47kg).

USA

Diana Lopez

Gold at the 10th Women's World Taekwondo Championships, 2005, Spain (55-59kg).

Mandy Meloon

Gold at the World Cup Taekwondo Championships, 1998. Germany (47-51kg).

Dana Lynn Hee

Gold at the Seoul Olympics, 1988 (59-63kg).

Debra Holloway

Silver at the Seoul Olympics, 1988 (51-55kg).

Nia Abdallah

Silver at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (49-57kg).

Marcella Byrd

Silver at the National Taekwondo Championships. 1979. USA and winner of numerous tournaments.

Taiwan

Chen Shih Hsin

Gold at the Athens Olympics, 2004 (Under 49kg).

Vietnam

Hieu-Ngan Tran

Silver at the Sydney Olympics, 2000 (49-57kg).





Taekwondo
Just a Taekwondo bout



Taekwondo class ad
Typical martial art class advertisement in San Francisco
Craiglist


Videoclips from Youtube


Taekwondo
Hwang Kyung Seon (Korea) defeats Nur Tatar (Turkey) and wins Taekwondo -67kg Gold
London 2012 Olympics

Taekwondo
Wu Jingyu (China) defeats Brigitte Yague Enrique (Spain) and wins Taekwondo -49kg Gold
London 2012 Olympics


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Episodes of taekwondo bouts

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