The Pataxó are a native tribe in Bahia, Brazil with a population of about 2,790 individuals. They once spoke the Pataxó Hã-Ha-Hãe language, but now speak Portuguese. Their traditional attire is a loincloths (straw skirt). The Pataxó are traditional masters in body paints, they paint faces and other parts of the body with colorful ornaments.
The Pataxó are very athletic, they are proficient in such sports as archery, spear and axe throwing, wrestling, races on land and water, canoeing and swimming. They participate in the annual Pataxó Indian Games and Indigenous Nations Games.
The Pataxó traditional wrestling is a freestyle standing wrestling which allows arbitrary holds on any body parts, including legs. In order to win a wrestler must throw the opponent getting him/her to touch the ground by the back.
The Pataxó wrestling is known by active participation of women. Wrestling competitions are held in two divisions – male and female. Traditionally wrestling contests occurred during annual celebrations and initiation rituals. Nowadays, Pataxó wrestling can be watch as a tourist entertainment, for instance in the Brazilian resort Porto Seguro in the state of Bahia.
Exclusive of the Female Single Combat Club